(English) Liferay 7 CE: How to add support for IBM DB2 Server

Liferay 7 CE: How to add support for IBM DB2 Server
Liferay 7 CE: How to add support for IBM DB2 Server

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Those who follow Liferay is aware of the fact that the Community Edition version 7 of Liferay, were eliminated quite a bit of components App Server, Database & Clustering Support. For more detail information you can read the blog post by Bryan Cheung published on April 7, 2016.

  • The Liferay 7 CE GA1 no more support OOTB (Out Of The Box):
  • Application Server: Oracle WebLogic, IBM WebSphere
  • Clustering
  • MultiVM Cache
  • Oracle Database, Microsoft SQL Server, IBM DB2, Sybase DB

This sample project demonstrates how to add support to the IBM DB2 database. Liferay has performed refactorting the code so that it is possible and easy to add support for databases no longer supported OOTB.

1. Introduction

To extend support to other databases, Liferay has decided to refactory code to use Java SPI (Service Provider Interface). SPI is the mechanism that allows you to extend / change the behavior within a system without changing the source. It includes interfaces, classes or methods that the user extends or implements in order to obtain a certain functionality.

In short we must:

The following code shows how service providers are loaded via SPI.

public DBManagerImpl() {
ServiceLoader<DBFactory> serviceLoader = ServiceLoader.load(
DBFactory.class, DBManagerImpl.class.getClassLoader());

for (DBFactory dbFactory : serviceLoader) {
_dbFactories.put(dbFactory.getDBType(), dbFactory);

To register your service provider, you create a provider configuration file, which is stored in the META-INF/services directory of the service provider’s JAR file. The name of the configuration file is the fully qualified class name of the service provider, in which each component of the name is separated by a period (.), and nested classes are separated by a dollar sign ($).

The provider configuration file contains the fully qualified class names (FQDN) of your service providers, one name per line. The file must be UTF-8 encoded. Additionally, you can include comments in the file by beginning the comment line with the number sign (#).

Our file is called com.liferay.portal.kernel.dao.db.DBFactory and contain the FQDN of the class it.dontesta.labs.liferay.portal.dao.db.DB2DBFactory

In the figure below shows the complete class diagram for DB2.

Liferay Portal DB2 Database Support Class Diagram

Liferay Portal DB2 Database Support Class Diagram

2. Build project

Requirements for build project

  1. Sun/Oracle JDK 1.8
  2. Maven 3.x (for build project) or Gradle 2.x

The driver that adds support for DB2 database is a jar (liferay-portal-db2-support-${version}.jar) which then will be installed in ROOT/WEB-INF/lib (for apache tomcat).

To generate the driver for IBM DB2 database just follow the instructions below.

You can download the binary jar liferay-portal-db2-support-1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar, by doing so you can avoid doing the build.

$ git clone https://github.com/amusarra/liferay-portal-db2-support.git
$ mvn package

the build process create the jar liferay-portal-db2-support-1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar inside the (maven) target directory:

If you have a Gradle build system, then you can build jar by the following command

$ git clone https://github.com/amusarra/liferay-portal-db2-support.git
$ gradle build

the build process create the jar inside the build/libs directory.

3. Install Liferay CE 7 on DB2 Database

To install Liferay on DB2 you must have previously configured a schema for Liferay on an DB2 Database.

I have used Virtual Appliance with a DB2 Express-C 10.1 (FP2) installation on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server

The parameters of my DB2 instance are:

  • Username: db2inst1
  • Password: system
  • FQDN: db2.vm.local (IP:
  • TCP/IP Port: 50001

For the installation of Liferay follow the following steps:

  1. Download Liferay CE 7 GA2 Tomcat Bundle from sourceforge
  2. Extract the Liferay bundle (in my case $LIFERAY_HOME is /opt/liferay-ce-portal-7.0-ga2-blog)
  3. Copy the jar liferay-portal-db2-support-${version}.jar in $LIFERAY_HOME/$TOMCAT_HOME/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/lib
  4. Download and install DB2 JDBC driver (xxxxxx.jar) in $LIFERAY_HOME/$TOMCAT_HOME/lib/ext.
  5. Create the portal-ext.properties in $LIFERAY_HOME with the content as the file below. You should modify the JDBC connection parameters to the your db and the value of liferay.home
  6. Launch the Liferay Portal through the command $LIFERAY_HOME/$TOMCAT_HOME/bin/startup.sh
  7. See the Liferay activities via the log file $LIFERAY_HOME/$TOMCAT_HOME/logs/catalina.out

Below you can see the portal-ext.properties

## Admin Portlet
# Configure email notification settings.
admin.email.from.name=Joe Bloggs

# DB2

## Liferay Home
# Specify the Liferay home directory.

## Setup Wizard
# Set this property to true if the Setup Wizard should be displayed the
# first time the portal is started.

You can see the part of the catalina.out log file and the contents of the DB2 Liferay database.


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Antonio Musarra

I began my journey into the world of computing from an Olivetti M24 PC (http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olivetti_M24) bought by my father for his work. Day after day, quickly taking control until … Now doing business consulting for projects in the enterprise application development using web-oriented technologies such as J2EE, Web Services, ESB, TIBCO, PHP.

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